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Tramadol - side effects, used, dosage, tips.

Tramadol - side effects, used, dosage, tips.

What is Tramadol?

Tramadol is a powerful medicine that is used to reduce the pain of strong or moderate intensity. It can be pain during injuries, the postoperative period or malignant tumors. Also, such a drug is used for pain relief in some therapeutic or diagnostic cases.

Tramadol is a potent substance, but it is not as strong as morphine. This belongs to the class of opioid analgesics and is sold only with a prescription. Tramadol ingredients are 50 mg tramadol hydrochloride, as well as lactose monohydrate and magnesium stearate. The effect of the drug is 15-30 minutes after ingestion, and the duration can be up to 6 hours. Tramadol can also be used with Paracetamol but the dosage can be individual.

Tramadol dosage

If the patient is taking Tramadol Hydrochloride then he needs to take a pill and swallow it and then drink it with water. Also, the pill can be dissolved (you need to take half a glass of water). Taking this drug is not dependent on eating. It is important to remember that the dosage is the individual volume that is prescribed by your doctor. The dose will depend on the level of pain and the patient’s sensitivity to the active substances of this medication. A person weighing more than 25 kg (people over 14 years old) can take Tramadol 50mg. If the effect does not appear, then you can increase the dosage but after half an hour or an hour. If the pain is very strong, then the patient can increase the dosage to 100 mg. If you consider in detail how long does Tramadol last, then the reaction may be different - most often the effect lasts from 4 to 6 hours.

It is important to remember that there is a rather strong medication and its daily dose should not exceed 400 mg. If the doctor prescribes treatment for more severe pain in the postoperative period or cancer, then higher dosages can be used, but with strict medical supervision.

All doses can be called indicative. The doctor needs to choose the minimum analgesically effective dose. It is important to know that such a drug can not be used longer than prescribed by the doctor.

For adults, a single dose will be 50-100 mg; it is also possible to repeat the drug after 4-6 hours. And for children from 1 year to 14 years, a single dose will be 1-2 mg/kg, and the maximum daily dose should not exceed 8 mg/kg.

Tramadol side effects

If you do not exceed the dosage, then such a drug rarely gives side effects. Very rarely, the patient may experience dizziness, excessive sweating, or nausea. But if you exceed the dose of Tramadol that your doctor has prescribed for you, then you can get more serious side effects: increased urination, weakness throughout the body, increased fatigue, inhibition, paradoxical stimulation of the central nervous system (from euphoria and impaired emotional lability to problems such as hallucinations). Side effects include impaired coordination of movements, drowsiness, confusion, sleep problems, convulsions, impaired cognitive function, and gait instability.

Side effects of Tramadol can lead to allergic reactions, among which there may be a bullous rash, urticaria, or unpleasant itching. From the digestive system, there may be disorders in the form of abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, flatulence, a feeling of dry mouth or flatulence. From the side of the cardiovascular system, fainting, collapse, tachycardia may occur. The following consequences of exceeding the dosage of this preparation may also be noted: dysuria, dyspnea, urinary retention, visual impairment or menstrual irregularities.

Contraindications

In order not to get the unpleasant Tramadol effects, the patient must undergo a medical examination - this is necessary to find out the characteristics of the body and possible contraindications. Also, such medication is prohibited if the patient has a state of strong alcohol intoxication. Tramadol is also prohibited for those who have allergies to their active substances. Doctors forbid taking such pills with monoamine oxidase inhibitors. It is important to be careful if you are taking such a drug for traumatic brain injury, epilepsy, in case of abdominal pain or if it is taken by a person with drug addiction. Dependence on this drug is also possible, then the effect of action weakens and the body develops resistance to the active elements of Tramadol.

Tramadol and alcohol

The patient is forbidden to take Tramadol tablets if he is going to drink alcohol. This combination can lead to rather unpleasant effects, such as slowness in movement or increased drowsiness. Also, such a combination increases the risk of an overdose.

Tramadol overdose

If your organism has received an excess dose of Tramadol, then you can feel the following effects - tachycardia, hallucinations, inhibition, severe vomiting, convulsions, collapse, worsening of the respiratory system or even coma. If the patient has received an overdose, then he needs to rinse the stomach and take energy absorbents.

Tramadol and Paracetamol

The opinions of experts, in this case, are different. If you combine such drugs, then this can be done in medical cases with the strict supervision of a doctor. Many specialists use this combination in certain proportions to help people with cancer pain. There may also be the following combinations where the dosage of both drugs is prescribed only by a doctor - Tramadol and Codeine are also possible as a combination of Tramadol and Ibuprofen. It is important to follow the advice of a doctor and not exceed the permissible dose.

Tramadol withdrawal

If you use this drug for a long time and then cancel it, the patient may feel certain consequences. If the tablets were used with the correct course, then the withdrawal syndrome will not be so unpleasant. But if Tramadol has been used for longer than the prescribed period, its cessation can lead to symptoms such as muscle pain, insomnia, abdominal cramps, bone pain, nausea, severe anxiety, panic attacks, paranoia, tingling sensation in the body, tinnitus or even auditory hallucinations.