What is Valium?
Valium is a medication prescribed for patients with insomnia, with skeletal muscle spasms due to trauma, anxiety disorders, dysphoria, paranoid hallucinatory conditions or epileptic seizures, as well as spastic conditions associated with damage to the brain and spinal cord. Many people ask is Diazepam Valium? The answer is yes. Valium has many names that we meet but do not know their exact meaning. This drug may have other names but the same purpose - Diazepam, Relium, Bruzepam, Assival, Seduxen, Apaurin or Sibazon. All these medicines are not analogs; they are Valium as the same drug but with a different name.
The scope of application includes diseases such as arthrosis, accompanied by the tension of the skeletal muscles, headache with strong tension, vertebral syndrome, bursitis, angina pectoris, arthritis, myositis, rheumatic pelvis spondylitis. Also, Valium is prescribed to people who have alcohol withdrawal symptoms: tremor, anxiety, agitation, tension, transient reactive states. The doctor can also prescribe such a drug to the patient as a medication for complex therapy, for example, with arterial hypertension, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, or in the case of therapy for myocardial infarction. There are other areas of application of such pills - for general anesthesia, with neurology or motor stimulation of various etiologies in psychiatry.
A medicine like Valium is taken orally. There is a standard dose - this is a tablet with a dosage of the active component from 2.5 to 10 mg, which the patient should use 2 or 3 times a day. Such medication should not be exceeded for daily consumption – it is allowed to take a maximum of 60 mg per day.
Also, such pills can be prescribed with an individual dosage - this will depend on the characteristics of the patient's body, age, disease, and other important factors. For example, with phobias, neuroses, or a hypochondriacal state, the doctor prescribes a dosage of Valium 5mg, but it can also be increased to 10 mg, which will be taken 2 or 3 times a day. Cases are more complicated and people get a higher dose of this drug - up to 60 mg per day. If the patient has an alcohol withdrawal syndrome, then the dosage may begin with 10 mg, and the next day it must be reduced to 5 mg.
It is also important to consider the age of the patients. Elderly people are advised to take half the daily allowance, and then increase this if the effect has not happened. But it is important to undergo a medical examination to find out the characteristics of the body and the tolerance of the active components of this medicine because the elderly have a weaker immune system. Valium is also prescribed for children - the age from 1 year to 3 years will be only 1 mg, for ages 3 to 7 years it is 2 mg, and for children from 7 years and older, the doctor may advise taking from 3 to 5 mg.
Valium side effects
Certain Valium effects are the consequences of an overdose or reaction of the body to the active components of this medication. There are non-serious side effects such as decreased attention span, drowsiness, headache, dizziness, disorientation, mood depression, tremors, increased fatigue, aggressive outbreaks, fear, muscle spasm, gait instability, or poor coordination of movements.
Also, such tablets can affect the functioning of certain body systems and give such a reaction as heartburn, hiccups, nausea, acute agitation, hallucinations, decreased appetite, dry mouth, hypersalivation, vomiting, constipation, depression. In some cases, it could be catalepsy, dystonic extrapyramidal reaction, increased or decreased libido, impaired liver function, jaundice, impaired renal function, urinary retention, itching, skin rash, increased liver transaminase activity, decreased blood pressure, and tachycardia.
Other effects may appear due to prolonged or improper taking of Valium: drug dependence, addiction, weight loss, bulimia, withdrawal syndrome, respiratory center depression, impaired external respiration.
If the patient received too large a dose of this drug, this can lead to confusion, shortness of breath, decreased reflexes, drowsiness, paradoxical agitation, areflexia, stunned state, deep sleep, decreased reaction to painful irritations, ataxia, tremor, bradycardia, apnea, severe weakness, collapse. Also, there may be other consequences of an overdose of Valium: shortness of breath, respiratory and cardiac depression, dysarthria, nystagmus, or coma.
There are certain contraindications when the patient is forbidden to take Valium. Doctors do not prescribe this drug to people with acute intoxication with drugs that have a depressing effect on the central nervous system. It is also prohibited for patients with hypersensitivity, myasthenia gravis, strong forms of COPD, acute respiratory failure, angle-closure glaucoma or acute alcohol intoxication with a weakening of the vital functions of the body. Also, such medication is prohibited for pregnant women and during lactation. The list of prohibited symptoms also necessarily includes people with a shock condition and patients in a coma.
Taking of Valium with food and drinks
Doctors forbid taking this drug with alcohol because it enhances the sedative effect of the medication and can lead to severe drowsiness. Take a glass of clean water but do not take these pills with grapefruit juice because this can lead to an increase in the level of Valium in the blood. If elderly people or patients with cirrhosis want to take this medication, then the combination of Valium and alcohol can increase the sedative effect of the drug. It is also important to remember that drinks with caffeine can weaken the effect of Valium.
It is important to remember that Valium belongs to the group of drugs that must be taken with extreme caution. Overdose or prolonged use can lead to bad consequences, withdrawal can also be quite difficult and in some cases, it can be very harmful. Consult your doctor if the prescribed dosage does not have the desired effect. Do not increase the dose of such a drug yourself so as not to harm your health.