What are muscle relaxants?
Most often, pain can occur due to muscle problems. These are special cramps that appear from facet joints or pathologically altered discs. Muscle pain occurs after overwork, a heavy load, or it may be a secondary consequence after a reflex contraction. Also, this type of pain occurs if there was severe overwork and the spine cannot support the torso, the development of muscle fibrositis, muscle strain or myofascial syndromes. It is important to note the fact that in most cases muscle cramps, sprains or muscle tension can play an important role in the origin of pain or even in its amplification.
On the part of medicine, the effect of muscle relaxation is common, precisely thanks to the central mechanisms of action through the reticular formation of the brain or a decrease in the release of exciting amino acids from interneurons. It is these processes that lead to the selective suppression of the polysynaptic mechanisms of the spinal cord, which are responsible for muscle hypertonicity.
If you have muscle pain, then you need special medications. These can be muscle relaxants for bruxism to reduce cramping or relieve pain. There are also muscle relaxants for back pain, which are most often popular among people who have a lot of physical activity or sit at a table for a long time, because of which the back can often hurt. Such medicines can be based on artificial components, but there are also herbal muscle relaxants that have in their formula natural elements from herbs and various medicinal plants.
If you want to buy muscle relaxants then you need to know that such drugs are classified by duration of action:
Best muscles relaxants
Methocarbamol is a drug that is sold under the Robaxin brand. This is one of the best muscle relaxants in the modern pharmaceutical market. This drug is used for short-term musculoskeletal pain. Such medicine can be combined with the rest of your body and with different types of painkillers. It is also used for back pain. But like any drug, Methocarbamol has contraindications - this can not be used for cerebral palsy. There are two types of this drug - for oral taking or through an injection into a vein. The desired effect is in half an hour.
In some cases, urine can change color - turn to blue, black or green. No need to be afraid it is not harmful to your body; it is a kidney reaction to some components of the drug. Methocarbamol is taken at a dosage in grams. The adult norm is 3 to 6 grams per day. But this drug can also be used for clinical purposes - there the dosage can be up to 24 grams. Such a dose is used for a serious condition, for example, with tetanus.
Side effects: liver problems, anaphylaxis, cramps, drowsiness, confusion, and dizziness. Visual impairment, fainting, itching, tachycardia, abdominal pain, vomiting, rash, problems with urination and bradycardia may also occur. But these are the symptoms that were observed in patients less often. Also, this drug is prohibited for pregnant women or those who are breastfeeding.
Carisoprodol is also an effective muscle relaxant sold from the Soma brand. It is also used to treat musculoskeletal pain. The use of Soma Carisoprodol is allowed for only three weeks. The effect of the action appears after half an hour and lasts from 4 to 6 hours. A person takes this drug by mouth.
Carisoprodol side effects may include agitation, headache, dizziness, nervousness, and inability to sleep. Other side effects may include drowsiness, irritability, allergic reactions, and seizures. This drug also has contraindications - it is prohibited for people who are allergic to sulfate acid - this can cause serious problems. Such medicine is not used by pregnant women since the reaction of the body is not known here.
Baclofen gives an antispastic effect. You can take this if you need to reduce spinal and visceral reflexes, as well as reduce muscle tension. Also, this drug helps to reduce skeletal muscle tone to remove the pain.
Baclofen dosage: this is taken orally and with food: but here it is also important to start with a small dose - 5 mg is taken 3 times a day, and then the dose is increased, that is, every 3 days you need to increase the use of 5 mg. And to maintain the total dose so that there were no bad consequences - most often it is from 20-25 mg 3 times a day. It is also important to remember the maximum dose - this should not exceed 100 mg per day.
Like any medicine, there are certain Baclofen side effects: nausea, vomiting, urinary retention, constipation, drowsiness, dizziness, asthenia, dry mouth, confusion, or diarrhea, as well as decreased blood pressure, apathy, impaired gait, depression, paresthesia, myalgia, myasthenia gravis, ataxia, hallucinations, dysuria, enuresis; convulsions or decreased seizure threshold.
Folkways to reduce pain
There are also natural muscle relaxants that help to reduce pain. Most often, this is used as a home remedy to remove pain in various body parts. Some people believe that natural ingredients will help them better than medications. But some plant extracts contain beneficial elements that can help you to reduce pain. Among them are cherries, turmeric, peppermint oil, proteins, magnesium, arnica, Cannabidiol (CBD) oil, and lemongrass. You can find many of these components or products as an independent thing, but some of them will be included in certain products. Also, massage is very popular to reduce muscle pain. But here it is important to find a qualified specialist. Pay attention to your health and help your body if it gives pain in the muscles.